James (Augustine Aloysius) Joyce was born on February 2, 1882, in Dublin, Ireland; died following surgery for a perforated ulcer, January 13, 1941, in Zurich, Switzerland. He was an Irish expatriate author of the 20th century. He is best known for his landmark novel Ulysses (1922) and its controversial successor Finnegans Wake (1939), as well as the short story collection Dubliners (1914) and the semi-autobiographical novel A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916).
Ayn Rand: (first name rhymes with "pine") Was born as Alice Rosenbaum on February 2, 1905, in St. Petersburg, Russia; came to United States, 1926, naturalized, 1931; died March 6, 1982, in New York, NY. She was a novelist, playwright, and screenwriter. She wrote the best-selling novels The Fountainhead and Atlas Shrugged and developed the philosophical system known as Objectivism.
For more information about these authors please visit the Literature Resource Center.