John Steinbeck was born on February 27, 1902 in Salinas, CA and died in New York, NY on December 20, 1968. Throughout his long and controversial career, Steinbeck extolled the virtues of the American dream while he warned against what he believed to be the evils of an increasingly materialistic American society. The Grapes of Wrath is perhaps the best example of Steinbeck's philosophy, perception, and impact. It was also the only one of Steinbeck's many novels to win the prestigious Pulitzer Prize in 1940.
Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was born on February 27, 1807 in Portland, Maine and died in 1882. He is remembered best for his longer narrative works, like the Song of Hiawatha, which address American themes and subjects, often providing vivid descriptions of the American landscape that appealed greatly to readers worldwide.
For more information about these authors please visit the Literature Resource Center.